“Space Race” was the term that was introduced in the 1950s by the U.S and Soviet Union where there was intense competition in space exploration. Both the superpowers were working hard to become the first mover and champion. Apart from a political point of view, both the parties continue their work towards the success of the project.
With time, every country introduced its space agency and most of them are working perfectly on this project. In addition to this, according to Forbes, around 70 space agencies are working around the world in different countries.
It is pertinent to mention here, they are spending millions of dollars in discovering the space. Moreover, with the entrance of the rich class, the idea of space agency has been becoming more popular. For instance, Elon Musk has started his space station with the name “SpaceX” whereas Jeff Bezos established his agency and gives it the name of “Blue Origin”.
As mentioned earlier, there are many space agencies working but few of them are ahead in terms of capabilities and accomplishments. This is quite an interesting topic and we conducted a comprehensive study to figure out the best space agencies. Following are the top 10 space agencies in the world.
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10.Canadian Space Agency
This agency was founded in 1989 and they are working right from the start with great intent. Notably, the agency has an annual budget of USD 247 Million. The agency is contributing its best efforts to the space efforts. According to the agency, they are taking guidance from NASA and ESA. The international space station has been using the mobile servicing system of this space agency.
As far as the abilities are concerned, the agency cannot launch a rocket above the upper atmosphere. Therefore, they rely on other nations to help them with the launching process. Nonetheless, according to the Canadian Government, they are working on this issue, and very soon they will have their launcher.
9.National Centre for Space Studies (France)
France is considered one of the most advanced countries in the EU that are working on space agencies. The national center for space studies was founded in 1961 and currently, the agency has a USD 2.50 billion annual budget. They have 5 different departments and each of them is working on different areas. Their main focus is on sustainable development, defense and security, access to space, research, and on top of that civil application.
It is necessary to highlight that the agency is taking a maximum portion of the grant from Germany to make launching vehicles. They are working to reduce the cost of rocket refurbishment. According to the agency, they are focusing on the formulation of a technique that enables different satellites to work together in space.
8.Italian Space Agency (ASI)
This is another European-based space agency with all the latest technology. This came into existence after France’s agency in 1988 whereas the annual budget of this agency is slightly less than the other one i.e. around 2 billion dollars. They launched their first satellite after 8 years of the establishment to found the X-ray of the universe.
Afterward, the agency started its collaboration with the world’s most known agencies. Likewise, they initiated the new technology to perform an important initiative and that was the transferring and storing of the instruments. As per the American research agency, this agency is one of the most emerging space agencies in the world.
7.German Aerospace Center (DLR)
There is no doubt in it that Germany is famous for the auto industry but they are making significant performance in this field also. This is Germany’s first space agency that was formed in 1969 with the vision of exploring space. Similarly, the agency has an annual budget of 2.6 billion dollars and this figure was taken based on the Government’s report in 2018.
The scientists in this agency are working to introduce a space program that will be solely funded by the German Government. Furthermore, the key projects of these German agencies are mars express, shuttle radar topology, and navigation systems. The agency is forecasting that it will fulfill all the missions by 2025.
6.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Japan is not far behind in this race and according to Forbes, JAXA ranked at number 6 in the list of top 10 space agencies in the world. This agency came into existence in 1993 and as per the Japanese state’s statistics, the annual budget of the agency is 2 billion dollars. The figure was released in 2013. JAXA has been conducting all the basic operations by conducting integration works and developmental works.
In addition to this, the agency is working on many latest and innovative missions that include the launching process and exploration of the moon. It is pertinent to mention here that they are hopeful that the agency will accomplish the mission of the moon very soon.
We are sure that many people are aware of this name since the space agency was discovered by the world’s richest person Elon Musk in 2002 with the vision to give his offspring a better place than earth. Since this is a private agency, the agency does not disclose its finance and budget-related issues.
Additionally, the space agency has already achieved many medals by accomplishing a few very important missions. They successfully launched a reused rocket into orbit. As already discussed, this private agency has a mission to make the journey to space economical and they are visualizing to fulfill their vision one decade.
4.Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
Russia and America are considered as the two big rivals in this race. This Russian agency was introduced by the Russian Government in 1992 and it has a budget of 3.4 billion dollars. The agency is working under the umbrella of the Russian defense ministry with the vision of high-quality research and development in this subject. According to many history tellers, Russia was the first country who launched its spacecraft to discover the moon’s vicinity.
This mission carried more than 2 crewmen in orbit with successful accomplishment. Nonetheless, the agency is working so hard and planning to lead the world on this topic of space exploration. Their upcoming project is unbelievable as they are planning to launch a robotic lunar.
3.European Space Agency (ESA)
According to Forbes, ESA is pronounced as the 3rd best space agency in the world. The agency came into existence in 1975 and the annual budget of the agency is somewhere around 7 Billion dollars which is considered the highest in Europe. There are 22 members of this agency and all are funding collectively to make the agency more successful.
As far as the performance and projects are concerned, the agency has been working on variant projects. Mainly they are focusing on the observation of earth, launching vehicles, telecommunication, and on top of this planets and moon exploration. In the above-stated missions, ESA has ranked second after NASA.
2.China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Here comes the most awaited name, CHINA; CNSA has been working so hard in space exploration the agency was founded in 1993 and it has an annual budget of 11 billion dollars. In China, CNSA is the only space agency that is working under the state and it is responsible for all space-related research and development. The Government is funding the agency and trying to make it the first mover and big name in the world.
This space agency has its small station in space and carries out launches with proper gaps to explore the moon and other planets. It is pertinent to mention here that in 2014, they made their first lending on space with perfection. They have heavy machines that are working for them only.
1.National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA is the most acknowledged and big name on the list with marvelous achievements. The space agency is U.S based and founded in 1958 with the mission to explore space. This is the oldest space agency with the highest budget of 21 billion dollars. NASA has been leading the world for 6 decades and making astonishing discoveries in this field. The main projects of NASA are discovering the earth, exploring the moon, exploring other planets, galaxies, and researching the universe.
NASA reports to the U.S president and is not an independent space agency. They have been doing aeronautical research, studying solar systems, space technology, and launch-related missions. Most of the world’s known agencies seek guidance from NASA.
Many space agencies are working in the world with the vision of exploration but the above stated are the top 10 space agencies in the world. In addition to this, they belong to different regions in the world and a few of them are working together to explore the moon and other planets.
Some private space agencies also work in the world, but SpaceX is the only big name on this list of private agencies. We conducted a thorough study to figure out the 10 best space agencies and we found that NASA is the world’s best name.